Retirement Redefined: Are Pensions Enough For Blue Collar Workers?
This is part of a Fronteras: Changing America Desk series on the recession & retirement, along with links to useful sites.
SAN DIEGO Tommy Salazar is a 48-year-old San Diego city park worker who has been doing the same job meticulously, day in and day out, for 19 years. Among his duties: pick up the trash that park visitors leave behind, make sure the sprinklers work, keep the public restrooms clean, and care for the trees and the grass.
He is in charge of Ski Beach, a 38-acre park by Mission Bay, popular with jet skiers. On a recent day, he stepped onto the dock and checks the nails on the edge of the wooden platform.
"I'm just making sure that none of the boards are loose," said Salazar. "I'm making sure that no nails are sticking out, so that nobody will get hurt out here.”
During the busy summer months, Salazar gets help from another worker, but typically, he is out there from 6:30 in the morning until 2:30 in the afternoon, all by himself.
“I’m a fast worker, and I have to run sometimes to get a lot of this stuff done," said Salazar. "I don’t mind it, but it does make it a little difficult to get everything done.”
Such physical labor can be hard on the body. Salazar acknowledged that he and many of his colleagues have suffered injuries and back pain from their jobs. But one of the things that had always made it all worthwhile for them had been their city pension.
Like most city workers, Salazar doesn’t make much - a modest salary of around $36,000. He is really counting on a pension that will be equivalent to about 50 percent of his salary for the rest of his life--around $15,000 to $18,000. He has health benefits, a three-week paid vacation, and the steadiness of a full-time job.
But since 2005, the city has frozen his salary, made cuts to retirement contributions, and increased the deduction to pay for health care benefits. The cost of living in San Diego has gone up. And next year, as part of a highly controversial pension reform plan, San Diegans may be asked to vote on whether new city employees will have a guaranteed pension or whether they would need to contribute to a more risky 401-K plan instead.
Some critics have come out against big pensions for high-earning municipal employees. But unfortunately, the debate has also hurt almost 2,000 blue-collar city workers like Salazar, who barely make a living wage.
Percentage lost in pension funds and retirement accounts in 2008: 10
Percentage of people who live on Social Security alone: 34
“You hear them; they’ll say, you guys are getting a great pension," said Salazar. "But truthfully, I don’t think I’ll be able to retire for a long time. I used to think: 'I'll be able to retire when I’m 55 or 60. Now, it’s like, I don’t know.”
Salazar joined the pension system when he was hired almost 20 years ago, and he’s been paying into the system since. Somewhere around 10 percent of his pay is deposited into his retirement account; the city contributes a smaller amount.
That leaves him with little money in his pocket, and is worried that his pension will not be enough to support him when he does retire. Those $15,000 a year will be worth even less than they are today.
“All these different thoughts start going through your mind," said Salazar. "What do I do now? If we don’t have our pension, we can’t even try to get Social Security, because we don’t get any Social Security. All we have is this.”
Around two in the afternoon, Salazar is close to finishing his eight-hour shift. After one last-minute check of the bathrooms and hauling some plastic bags onto his pick-up truck, he headed to another city facility, five miles away from the park.
As a matter of practice, Salazar said he tries not to think too much about retirement; it’s the least of his worries these days.
“I had a vision before, and I lost my house, I ended up getting divorced," said Salazar. "I don’t know, my vision of my retirement has disappeared.”
Salazar is just one of 10,000 city blue-collar and white-collar workers in San Diego, and hundreds of thousands nationwide, who are witnessing guaranteed public pensions become a thing of the past. As they disappear, public workers are likely to end up like their private counterparts: gambling their retirement funds on the market in a 401 K-type contribution plan.